Ferrari FF, revolution to the fourth



Born in 2011, after many years of research and study, the Ferrari FF has revolutionized both the world of supercars and the concept of Gran Turismo, opening up roads never explored before.


The goal, for the Ferrari Gran Tursimo, is always the same from generation to generation: to offer cars that can always be driven and exploited by a large number of drivers on a daily basis, without however betraying the brand's DNA of technique and performance.


The first small but important revolution, the name: for the first time, in the course of its history, Ferrari has created from the beginning a family of cars that use an international nomenclature: in fact, the 500 Superfast must be excluded as it is an evolution of the America series. and Superamerica.


The abbreviation FF means Ferrari Four and can be summarized as a perfect synthesis of the technical revolutions that involved the design of this car. The FF is the first four-wheel drive Ferrari capable of comfortably accommodating four adults.



The second revolution, of a technical nature, is four-wheel drive, the fulcrum on which the entire construction of the car revolves, and the focal point of this project.


The first studies concerning a four-wheel drive Ferrari date back to the end of the 1980s, with the two prototypes of the 408 RM, while the patent of the mechanism actually adopted on the FF dates back to 2004-2005.


To apply all-wheel drive on a transaxle type scheme, such as the one present on the Ferrari FF, the Maranello-based company studies a system called Ferrari 4RM (Ferrari 4 Wheel Drive), capable of limiting weight by fifty percent compared to traditional integral systems and to keep the center of gravity low, all in favor of driving pleasure.


The main mechanical element of the system is the Power Transfer Unit, capable of managing the speed difference between the motor and individual wheels. The PTU also manages the torque directed to the front wheels, distributing the torque itself on the right or left side of the car according to the grip required in a given situation.


There is no physical-mechanical link between the front and rear drive compartments, which are more traditional in nature, because the PTU receives power and torque from the crankshaft through a gear ratio system consisting of a package of double clutches connected to a half shaft, one for each front wheel.



With this realization, the Ferrari technicians have obtained a compact, lightweight all-wheel drive capable of functioning correctly only in strictly necessary situations, to bring out the goodness of the 4X4 scheme, while in standard situations the reference traction remains the rear one, because it can transmit better driving sensations, enhancing pleasure and fun, a crucial aspect behind the wheel of a Red. The optimal weight distribution, equal to forty seven percent at the front and fiftythree percent at the rear, further underline the performance and playful aspect of this car which is able to excel in all asphalt and other conditions.


The PTU is part of a much more complex and articulated system of devices grouped in turn in 4RM Control, capable of offering performance, fun and safety.


From the experience gained in the world of racing, the FF inherits the seven-speed dual-clutch automatic F1 gearbox, and the F1-Trac, a traction control system on the rear axle, capable of calculating and knowing moment by moment the maximum torque value that each single wheel can reach; these are combined with the E-Diff, the electronic differential that deals with torque distribution, again for the rear wheels, with a system similar to that found on the Ferrari 458 Italia.


The Manettino is also present on the Ferrari FF, a particular accessory mounted on the steering wheel of the Rosse that projects the driver directly into the world of racing, giving him the opportunity to adjust various settings on the behavior that the car must maintain: ESC OFF, SPORT, COMFORT, WET and ICE-SNOW are the selectable modes.


Since the FF is the car in the Ferrari range that best mixes concepts such as performance and usability among the configurable settings, the Race option, present on other Prancing Horse models, is missing; however, you can turn off all aids to test your skills and tame the 660 horsepower that the 6.262cm³ V12 delivers at 8.000rpm.



Torque available at eighty percent of maximum thrust from the very first laps up to the limiter, remarkable power-to-weight ratio, attention to the ecological aspect with emissions and consumption improved compared to the past thanks to systems such as Start & Stop, and even High Emotion Low Emission, which reduce emissions and consumption by twenty five percent compared to the previous V12, make this FF a car fromdual-souled, docile and quiet when she has to walk, but angry and hungry as soon as you hit the accelerator.


The car has a maximum speed of 335 Km/h, and takes 3.7 seconds to cover the space between 0 to 100 meters, thanks to the V12 that emits a melody specially designed to make the driving experience at three hundred and sixty degrees, transmitting sounds only Ferrari. This, linked to a new third generation Brembo braking system, are peculiarities that confirm that this Gran Turismo is a fate of four-wheeled Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.


The dual nature of this Ferrari is also transmitted and perceived by its stage presence. The close collaboration between the internal Style Center and Pininfarina gives shape and life to an explosive mix of elegance, determination and function, obtaining a unique final result with a marked personality.


Third revolution, design: innovative proportions and volumes blend with a classical style. The Ferrari FF has a unique style, where future and tradition intertwine continuously, creating harmonious contrasts, as in the volume and proportion ratio where, despite having brought a new and innovative concept, the designers base their work on classic principles such as the reduced. overhangs, both front and rear, so as to obtain a slender and racy car.


The surface treatment harks back to the most glorious tradition of the Maranello house, with soft but tonic lines that show power and elegance, embellished with details such as the triangular vent after the front wheel housing.


These classic touches on the side are contrasted by the front and rear views, both bearers of new concepts in the Ferrari world.



The front follows the stylistic trend started with the Ferrari 458 Italia, with elongated headlamps that wrap around the front wheel arches. However, the key element is the grille: the traditional rectangular texture is combined with a new half-moon shape that gives the FF a very aggressive, almost psychedelic look, due to that smile that seems to communicate the desire to always run strong and however that this car possesses in its technical nature.


The rear is conditioned more by the aerodynamic requirements necessary to guarantee the high performance that the FF allows to achieve, and it can be seen from the large rear three-channel extractor and a series of air intakes visible both on the rear bumper and in the lighting housing area, the only elements still linked to tradition, preserving the typical circular shape.


Fourth and last revolution the interiors, where for the first time in its history the Prancing Horse offers four real seats, surrounded by luxury and attention to detail.


The FF has four folding seats: four seats for adults, so as to allow long journeys without particular worries. Each passenger is offered the best possible travel experience: the driver is able to savor and appreciate all the particularities and technical and dynamic qualities of the car, the front passenger is involved in the driving experience through a small screen that provides instant information about the cars, while sitting at the rear you can spend the journey in total relaxation thanks to the infotainment system, which includes a 640 or 1.280 watt HiFi system, as well as the opportunity to have a screen for playing videos and DVDs mounted on front seats.



Two-zone climate, large armchairs, USB connections, and predisposition for iPod/iPhone connections make the FF as comfortable as the living room, but definitely faster and faster. Sensation further emphasized starting from 2013 with the arrival, on request, of the panoramic roof perfectly integrated with the line of the car.


The trunk is 450 liters, but it is possible to reach 800 when the rear seats are folded, allowing the FF load capacity never seen in its class.


With the FF, Ferrari can affirm without hiding that it has won a series of design challenges (technological, style, content and use), and has been able to tackle unprecedented issues such as four-wheel drive, proposing innovative solutions from a point of technical and stylistic point of view without betraying the DNA of the brand, strengthening its identity as a four-wheeled dream builder.


DATA SHEET


Two-door, four-seater berlinetta bodywork

Front engine position

Four-wheel drive


Size and Weights


91 liter tank

Length 4907 mm

Width 1953 mm

Height 1379 mm

Front track 1676 mm

Rear track 1660 mm

Wheelbase 2990 mm

Empty mass 1790 Kg

Mass in running order 1880 Kg

Weight distribution 47% front - 53% rear

Luggage compartment 450 liters


Engine


Displacement 6262 cm³

Type V12 65°

Bore and corsa 94 x 75.2 mm

Compression ratio 12.3:1

Four valves per cylinder

Direct electronic injection

Mechanics


Power 485 kW/660 hp at 8.000 rpm

Specific power 105 CV / liter (77 Kw / liter) and 109 nm/liter

683 Nm torque at 6,000 rpm

Weight / Power Ratio 2.7 Kg/hp

Double clutch

Ferrari F1 automatic transmission, seven-speed + RM, plus self-locking differential


Frame


Car body made of several light aluminum alloys

Third generation magnetorheological damping front suspension

Third generation magnetorheological damping rear suspension

Front brakes with Ø 398 Brembo carbon-ceramic discs, self-ventilated and perforated, with six-piston calipers

Rear brakes with Ø 360 Brembo carbon-ceramic discs, self-ventilated and perforated, with four-piston calipers

245/35/8.5J front tires

Rear tires 295/35 /10.5J if winter 285/35/10.5J

20" wheels, made of light alloy

Consumption and emissions


Emissions 360 g/Km

Consumption 15.4 liter/100 Km


Performance declared


Speed ​​335 Km/h

Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h in 3.7 seconds, and from 0 to 200 km/h in 11 seconds

Braking from 100 to 0 km/h in 35 meters


Luca Saitta

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