With the F430, presented at the Paris Motor Show in September 2004, a new generation of 8-cylinder Ferrari was born, developed through the precious experience of the Gestione Sportiva Ferrari. The result is an innovative project, above all thanks to the new technologies taken from Formula 1 and reinterpreted for sporty road use.
The most important are the electronically controlled differential, designed by Ferrari for the premier class single-seaters, and the manettino, a control on the steering wheel that allows the driver to quickly modify the systems that govern the vehicle, changing its set-up during use.
The engine is completely new, compact and light, with a displacement of 4308 cm³ and top-level performance.
Aerodynamics exploits innovative concepts, such as the specialization of flows to increase the deportant values and improve the cooling of the delicate mechanical parts inside the car.
The line of the F430 that Pininfarina creates for this model comes from the exceptional technical contents contained in the car, designed to enhance aggressiveness and performance while responding to specific requests. The result obtained is an important revision of the shapes compared to the progenitor, churning out a more muscular model, marked by a well-defined, decisive and strong personality.
The nose features two elliptical air intakes that feed the large radiators to dispose of the high engine power. The shape is inspired by the racing Ferraris of the 1961 vintage, the cars that won the Formula 1 title with Phil Hill. The air intakes are joined by a wing designed to direct the flow towards the flat bottom.
The vertically developed front lights have an extremely compact size thanks to the use of bixenon technology, which allows for the integration of all functions in a single highly effective headlight. When the headlight is on, the particular shape of the position light, which underlines the lower profile of the optical unit, allows the F430 to be easily recognizable even during night driving.
In front of the front wheel, a voluminous air vent directs the flow from the radiator along the side. In the side view, the volume of the rear fender is supported by the large supply air intakes of the two engine banks, while the lower part of the side includes two air intakes for cooling the engine compartment.
The view from the side is completed by the new 19 inches wheels with five split spokes that combine exceptional performance of stiffness and lightness without changing the classic Ferrari design.
The Ferrari style tends to have shapes dictated by mechanics, designed to ensure the best aerodynamic efficiency. In the case of the F430, for the first time the design and study work in the wind tunnel was carried out following the exact same criteria used for the Formula 1 single-seaters.
The complete exploitation of the flows that cross the entire car body is obtained by introducing development and research methods derived directly from racing.
The result obtained consists of a high-lift configuration, capable of both exploiting the flows to maximize the load on the tires, and significantly powering the engine to increase power values and simultaneously optimize transmission and brake cooling even in the most severe conditions of use.
The downforce produced by the Ferrari F430 reaches deportation values increased by fifty percent compared to the previous model, the 360 Modena, thus enhancing its stability at high speeds and the active safety of the vehicle.
At 200 km/h the F430 manages to generate a thrust of forty-five kg more than the 360 Modena, which becomes eighty-five kg more at 300 km/h for an absolute value of 280 kg.
This aerodynamic advance also affects efficiency levels (ratio between vertical load coefficient CZ and aerodynamic penetration coefficient CX) with a forty percent improvement over the 360 Modena. To increase the stability and performance of the front end, a new wing profile is installed in the lower central part of the nose, an area not yet affected by the turbulence generated around the car body.
An in-depth study during the design phase makes it possible to produce a wing with a specific shape and incidence able to better direct the air flows, generating an aerodynamic pressure on the front axle up to a maximum of one hundred and thirty kg, a value that guarantees directionality and precision values of the highest level, redendo the F430 a space car.
The F430 introduces numerous technologies taken directly from the single-seaters of the premier class of motoring.
From the Formula 1 gearbox, developed in collaboration with Gestione Sportiva of the Scuderia Ferrari, capable of providing impressive performance (just 150 milliseconds for the entire gear change process), to the small lever on the steering wheel, with which the driver can modify the trim of your car.
The lever can be set in five positions: ICE, Low Grip, Sport, Race and CST. ICE is the most conservative and limiting mapping, while CST disables systems such as Stability and Traction Control. Low Grip guarantees excellent stability in both dry and wet conditions, Race is the ideal mode when riding on the track and Sport consists of mapping which guarantees an excellent compromise between performance and stability.
The F430 is also equipped with the E-DIFF, the electronic differential capable of providing maximum grip when exiting the curves on the track, eliminating wheel slip, while guaranteeing excellent grip on the road.
The E-DIFF has three main subsystems, including a high-pressure hydraulic system, in common with the Formula 1 gearbox, if present on the model, a control system consisting of a valve, sensors and an electronic control unit, and a mechanical unit located in the left side of the gearbox.
The F430 features a 90° V8 engine, designed according to the typical Ferrari flat shaft architecture (180° between the cranks). The application of the experience gained by Ferrari in Formula 1 leads to significant advances of the engine compared to its predecessor, in terms of performance, weight and reduction in overall dimensions.
Despite the twenty percent increase in displacement (from 3586 to 4308 cubic centimeters), the weight of the engine increases by just four kg, with a noticeable increase in performance, while the torque increases by twenty five percent (465 Nm at 5250 rpm. minute, of which eighty percent already available at 3.500 rpm) and twenty three percent power (490 horsepower at 8.500 rpm).
The engine is extremely compact, with a gap between the cylinders of just 104 millimeters. Similarly, the Cavallino engineers opt for the integration of the sump and main connections in a single jet, and together with a smaller twin-plate clutch and flywheel, the height of the engine between the bottom of the oil pan and the crankshaft is reduced to just 130 millimeters (compared to the 145 millimeters of the drive unit on the 360 Modena).
There are two heads with four valves per cylinder, while the intake ducts and the diameter of the valves derive directly from the projects used in Formula 1. In fact, the experience gained is of fundamental importance to define the characteristics of the F430 engine. by the Sport Management of Ferrari. The two camshafts, overlying each cylinder bank, have continuous variable times both on the intake and exhaust cams.
The shift valve is started by hydraulic tappets, while the implementation of the variable time valve is guaranteed by the high pressure of the hydraulic system (20 bar). The chain distribution system replaces the toothed belt system, reducing the length of the engine. The crankshaft, connecting rods and pistons represent further elements of the engine that have been revised in the design phase.
The dry sump lubrication system contains a series of external pumps (consequently reducing the overall height of the sump) and a circuit, optimized by removing the oil cooler and introducing a water and oil heat exchange device, inserted inside the V motor.
The intake manifold has straight air ducts up to the central overpressures to ensure excellent air flow towards the cylinder heads. A rotating drum - pneumatically actuated by the engine control unit-compensates for variations in effective volume within the two overpressures, to optimize the intake resonance characteristics and consequently maximize the curve over the entire arc of one revolution.
The performance expected by Ferrari in the design phase of the car is achieved thanks to the use of intake and exhaust ducts without restriction, with the aim of optimizing the efficiency of gas flows and the high compression ratio (11.3:1).
The scrupulous attention with which the internal fluid dynamics and combustion efficiency are optimized ensures a high specific power in compliance with the new Euro 4 and LEV 2 emission standards. The engine is managed via two control units. electronic Bosch Motronic ME7 with a pair of motorized throttles, spirsingle wings and active anti-knock control along the entire arc of a revolution.
Motor type V 8, 90°
Bore and stroke 92x81 mm
Unit displacement 538.5 cm³
Total displacement 4308 cm³
Compression ratio 11.3:1
Maximum power 360.3 kW (490 hp) at 8500 rpm
Maximum torque 465 Nm (47.4 kgm) at 5250 rpm
Specific power 114 hp/liter
Dry weight/power 2.8 kg/hp
Dimensions and weights
Length 4512 mm
Width 1923 mm
Height 1214 mm
Wheelbase 2600 mm
Front track 1669 mm
Rear track 1616 mm
Front overhang 1100 mm
Rear overhang 812 mm
Dry weight 1350 kg
Curb weight 1450 kg
Boot compartment capacity 250 liters
Tank capacity 95 liters
Weight distribution front 43%, rear 57%
Systems present on board
Transmission and manual gearbox or F1
Electronic controls E-DIFF and CST
Performance and consumption
Top speed over 315 km/h
From 0 to 100 km / h in four seconds
Manual change from 0 to 400 in 12 seconds
From 0 to 1000 in 21.65 seconds
F1 change from 0 to 400 in 11.95 seconds
Combined consumption of 15.2 liters per 100 km
Combined CO2 emissions of 345 g/km
Simone Pietro Zazza