Ferrari F12 Berlinetta, the Gran Turismo designed by the wind and awarded with the Compasso d'Oro



The car from Maranello takes the concepts of performance, function, and style to the extreme, blending them harmoniously, so much so that, in 2014, it was awarded the prestigious Compasso d'Oro.


The Ferrari F12 Berlinetta was presented to the world via the web on February 29, 2012, as heir to the 599 GTB Fiorano, marking a clear departure from its historical precedents, while retaining the most intrinsic classic characteristics in its DNA. Ferrari's goal is to create the best performing road car in its history, without forgetting the essence of Gran Tursimo, paying attention and care to comfort and luxury, creating a complete car from all points of view.


The engine, with the code name F140 FC already mounted on the Enzo and the 599 family, is a 6.262 cm³ V 12 cylinder engine with a 65° angle between the two banks.


Revised in many parts, the F140 FC is capable of delivering 740 hp at 8.250 rpm, but the peculiarity is all in the torque, 690 Nm at 6.000 rpm, available at eighty percent already at 2.500 rpm, for reach 8.700 rpm as a limiter. This translates into a powerful and inexhaustible thrust to the delight of the drivers behind the wheel.



In re-engineering the engine, it was decided to take the best of the technology deriving from the world of Formula One, especially in the development methodology.


Remarkable are the changes such as the completely renewed under-base, and the increased compression ratio. But, in particular, Ferrari focuses on the study of reducing mechanical friction and innovative technologies, such as multispark ignition, to make this engine even more performing and efficient.


From this point of view, it should be noted that, even for high-performance luxury cars, the concept of efficiency is not only a question purely of track numbers, but also of consumption: in fact, the F12 Berlinetta is able to improve the performance of its ancestors with significantly reduced fuel usage, around thirty percent less than the 599 GTB Fiorano, allowing Maranello technicians to build less bulky tanks and lower the center of gravity, all in favor of the driving experience and overall proportions .


The frame, made by the Scaglietti center, is made up of twelve different aluminum alloys used at the structural level: of these, two were never used before in the automotive world. The result of this exasperated research into materials translates into a lightweight, yet highly resistant and safe frame, capable of meeting the increasingly stringent homologation regulations even for cars of the caliber of the F12 Berlinetta.


The transaxle scheme, combined with rear suspension and the multilink with a new layout, which complement the architecture of the Ferrari F12 Berlinetta, enhancing even more the excellent work done by the technicians to reduce the mass and lower the center of gravity.


All the innovations under the skin are also taken up and represented externally, where the joint work between technicians, aerodynamics, designers from the Ferrari Style Center, and Pininfarina stylists, produces a remarkable aesthetic result, knowing how to mix and integrate functional and stylistic elements. Aerodynamics is the fulcrum of the project, as well as the key evolutionary element of this berlinetta, capable of raising the bar compared to its progenitors in terms of both speed and driving performance.


The development marks a clear departure from the past: over 250 hours of research in the wind tunnel, and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations, allow the F12 Berlinetta to improve the vertical downforce by seventysix percent compared to the previous 599 GTB, doubling the efficiency value with a cx of only 0.299.



The exterior of the car is designed according to the requests of the technicians, however it should be noted that in this case, unlike the coeval eight-cylinder sisters mounted in a central position, devoted to pure performance, the designers of Ferrari, together with those of Pininfarina, are able to give a pleasant shape to very exasperated aerodynamic solutions.


The team, led by Flavio Manzoni, creates a low and sleek coupe, achieving the balance between aerodynamic efficiency and elegant proportions, typical of the Gran Turismo of the past. The salient features of the bodywork are the fruit born from the collaboration of apparently distant worlds, but connected to each other.


The classic proportions, but with a modern and muscular cut, were also obtained thanks to the improvements in the mechanical and frame parts, mentioned above, which made it possible to draw lower and streamlined lines without sacrificing the internal habitability, which is even superior compared to the past. The aerodynamic demands have been translated into graphic signs, which make the F12 Berlinetta immediately recognizable, accentuating its character and style.



The first element that catches the eye is the Aero Bridge, a groove that marks the entire side from the front hood to the doors, as well as the main component for obtaining the significant vertical downforce. Subsequently, the blown spoiler attracts the attention of the enthusiast, as a truncated and very collected tail marks a clear departure from all previous Ferraris.


The only element that recalls tradition are the circular headlights, accompanied by the small rectangular headlight in a central position, clearly inspired by racing, with a strong reference to the world of Formula 1.


More hidden, but perhaps for this very reason of greater interest, the system called Active Brake Cooling, consisting of cooling doors of the braking system that open automatically based on the reading of control parameters, first of all the temperature of the brakes themselves. The carbon-ceramic braking system (CCM3) enjoys further developments, which greatly improve stopping times and distances compared to the previous Fiorano.



Impossible to see, because it is located under the car, is the flat bottom: totally revised, the latter has the function of guiding the air flows from the front to the terminal, where a voluminous rear diffuser with four drifts is placed.


Like any great Ferrari Gran Tursimo, the attention to the interiors is remarkable, where the use of precious and luxury materials surround a cabin designed with great attention to ergonomics and habitability, despite a racing style.


The disappearance of the light switch allows the driver to have all the controls arranged on the steering wheel and within reach, so as to avoid distractions while driving. In the central tunnel the aeronautical-style bridge stands out, where the buttons of the seven-speed Formula 1 dual clutch gearbox are housed, and the one for emergency stops.



The internal versatility is underlined by the fact that this GT can be driven for kilometers even by very tall people (1.95 meter) and by the skilful use of the luggage space, a compartment of 320 liters, able to reach up to 500 liters with small trick, values ​​that allow you to tackle trips and weekends out of town.


The tailgate is a rear window specially designed to ensure the right compromise between usability and structural strength of the frame, once again technique and style come together.


The passenger is not a simple companion, but is involved in the driving experience through a display placed in front of his seat, where he can monitor some technical data of the car in real time.


Once behind the wheel, the F12 Berlinetta is able to best express all the dynamic research carried out by the Prancing Horse for the construction of this technological jewel with practically perfect weight distribution (46% front - 54% rear). The rumble is always dark and enveloping, while the 12-cylinder can be melodic at low revs and roaring when you press the accelerator.


The Gran Turismo, in fact, has a double soul capable of giving emotions and satisfaction both to the more experienced driver used to the track, who appreciates its handling and driving precision, and to the novice user, who can learn to tame in a way gradual and safe car with enormous power, thanks to a series of electronic aids that have become a custom in the standard equipment for Maranello cars.


On the Fiorano circuit, the F12 Berlinetta shreds the times recorded by its ancestors by lapping in 1'23", confirming itself as a thoroughbred. Sold for around 275.000 euros, the F12 Berlinetta immediately became a timeless icon, desired and admired even by specialized magazines. Various awards received all over the world, both for the external line and for the engine.


Among the prizes received and awarded, the most prestigious is the Compasso d'Oro awarded by ADI, the Association for Industrial Design, which in 2014 awarded the Ferrari Style Center for the F12 Berlinetta for its flowing and dynamic forms and for its innovative use of aerodynamic solutions, which create a real union of technology and design.


DATA SHEET


Two door

Front engine position

Rear-wheel Drive

Size and Weights


Length 4618 mm

Width 1942 mm

Height 1273 mm

Front track 1665 mm

Rear track 1618 mm

Unladen mass 1525 Kg

Mass in running order 1630 Kg

320 liter trunk, with the possibility of up to 500 liters

92 liters tank


Engine


Displacement 6262 cm³

Type v12 65°, F140 FC

Bore and stroke 94x75.2 mm

Compression ratio 13.5:1

Distribution with 4 valves per cylinder, double overhead camshaft for each cylinder bank, with variable valve timing and hydraulic tappets

Direct injection power supply


Mechanics


Power of 545 kW (740 hp) at 8250 rpm

Specific power of 118 hp/liter and 110 nm/liter

Torque 690 nm at 6.000 rpm

Maximum speed (limiter) at 8.700 rpm

Multispark ignition

Double Clutch

Seven-speed automatic transmission + RM, positioned at the rear in block with the transaxle differential

Combined compustible consumption of 15 liters/100 km

Combined CO2 emissions 350 g/Km

Frame


Car body in aluminum

Front suspension with overlapping triangles

Multilink rear suspension

Front brakes with Brembo third generation carbon-ceramic perforated ventilated discs, six piston fixed calipers

Rear brakes with Brembo third generation carbon-ceramic perforated ventilated discs, four piston fixed calipers

Front brake dimensions 398 X 223 x 38 mm

Rear brake dimensions 360 X 233 x 32 mm

Front tires 255/35 ZR 20 9.5 J

Rear tires 315/35 ZR 20 11.5J

20" rims


Performance declared


Speed ​​over 340 Km/h

Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h in 3.1 seconds, from 0 to 200 km/h in 8.5 seconds, from 0 to 400 meters in 10.9 seconds


Electronic controls


Esc - Stability Control

F1 Trac - F1 traction control

Performance abs/Ebd

Performance anti-lock braking system/Electronic brake distributor

E-Diff3 - Third generation electronically controlled differential

Scm-e with double solenide

Magnetorheological control of the suspensions, with double solenoid system


Luca Saitta

Magazine

Who Are

© 2021 Osservatore Sportivo