Presented at the 2002 Paris Motor Show, the Ferrari Enzo Ferrari was produced between 2002 and 2004 by the Maranello-based car company, to honor the Cavallino's fifty-five years of activity.
Made in only three hundred and ninety-nine units, the model named after Enzo Ferrari is built with advanced composite materials, including carbon fiber and aluminum honeycomb, and is equipped with a 5.998 cm³ V65° 12 cylinder that delivers 660 hp.
The car boasts exceptional aerodynamics: the aerodynamic efficiency values reach up to 775 kg at 300 km/h, and then drop as speed increases, and thus allow the achievement of very high top speeds (585 kg at speed of 350 km/h).
The Ferrari Enzo can only be purchased by anyone who has owned or owns five Prancing Horse cars, and the company itself contacts potential customers for a possible purchase of one of the three hundred and ninety-nine models.
Originally, the models destined for the market were only three hundred and forty-nine, but the incredible success enjoyed by Enzo convinces Ferrari to produce fifty more specimens, and in 2005 a 400th model will be donated to Pope John Paul II, who puts it up for auction to then donate the amount raised to charity, equal to $ 6.050.000.
When we talk about an extreme sports car, we refer to a car equipped with the maximum technological and performance capacity. Ferrari has managed to churn out real jewels, which have perfectly satisfied the necessary requirements to be part of this exceptional group, such as the 288 GTO, the F40 and the F50.
These prototypes have become part of the extreme sports class not only for the uniqueness of performance, but also thanks to the exclusivity granted by the limited number of production. It is in this vein that, in 2002, the Enzo was inserted, a car of excellence produced and designed for road use, equipped with the most advanced racing technology contents coming directly from Formula 1.
The Enzo, in fact, enjoys the unique advantage of being able to benefit from an intense and continuous technological transfer, generated by the many successes obtained by the Cavallino on the track, during the period of the legendary Michael Schumacher.
Being able to count on the many innovations coming from the premier class of four wheels, in Maranello they set themselves the goal of developing the Enzo as an integrated system in which even the performance limit reached by the driver has been raised through a Formula-type human-machine interface One. Never before in this car, the style was the result of a hard and continuous study carried out by the engineers of Maranello, who carried out intense work in the wind tunnel, on the track and on the road, always centered and focused on the search for maximum performance obtainable, thus developing a car without compromise.
The front part is strongly inspired, in form and function, to that typical of Formula One single-seaters, while the side, thanks also to the use of composite materials, is sculpted, giving the openings for the air passages the best shapes necessary for fluid dynamics internal. The rear part is also subject to changes: some small aerodynamic appendages are used in place of the classic and voluminous wing, while a very effective ground effect contributes to increasing the efficiency of the car.
This is how Pininfarina manages to masterfully harmonize all these functions, proposing a line with a strong charisma. The car's aggressive and sporty spirit, the reduced space and the aim of lightness suggest a solution of strict functionality for the interior, in which all the main surfaces are in carbon fiber.
The steering wheel features a series of vehicle control commands, giving the driver the ability to replicate a trend typical of Formula One drivers.
Furthermore, it is possible to combine the size of the backrest and the seat to allow a perfect driving posture, adapted according to the build and driving style of the customers, who can choose between four different sizes: S, M, L and XL.
Also from the point of view of the interior, a revolutionary innovation is introduced with the Enzo: the man-machine interface becomes more effective, and the driver is placed in the optimal condition for exploiting the extreme performance of the car.
The F50 will remain in the history of the automobile because with it the technique used in Formula One will be introduced, in a totally new way on a road car, with an engine derived directly from an engine equipped on thehe single-seater of the 1990 season, the Ferrari 641 F1, but Enzo will go even further, proposing solutions designed to create a link between the teaching of racing and the road.
Taken together, the sophisticated innovations proposed by Enzo make this latter model unique, completely futuristic, a real point of reference for the entire world of motoring: some of these elements have proved so innovative that they have become the backbone of the Ferrari models presented in subsequent years, including the ultra-light and compact V12, carbon brakes, man-machine interface, aerodynamic solutions and more.
For the Enzo project, the frame is made entirely of carbon fiber leathers and aluminum honeycomb, satisfying the very high requirements in terms of stiffness, lightness and safety.
The engine of the Enzo is a 12-cylinder V65°, completely designed from scratch and produced on the basis of the many knowledge coming from Formula 1, from which unique technical solutions were derived. The engine can count on a total displacement of 5,998 cm³, a maximum power of 660 hp at 7,800 rpm, and a maximum torque of 67 kgm at 5,500 rpm. The compression ratio is 11.2 and the specific power of 110 hp/liter.
The performance targets set for the new V12 have been fully achieved, thus managing to deliver a unique mix of high power, great low-end torque, and wide use.
The rear gearbox is in direct coupling.
A priority objective of the project was to minimize the time for changing gears, reducing it to just 150 thousandths of a second, all with the aim of giving maximum sportiness during use of the car, also taking advantage of a new strategy control and further refinements: a company reached with Enzo.
The braking system, developed specifically by Brembo, is equipped with carbon-ceramic brake discs (CCM), used for the first time on a Ferrari road car, after years of use by the Prancing Horse in Formula One competitions, contributing to the achievement of results of absolute excellence of the Enzo, in all parameters of braking performance.
Rear, longitudinal, 12V 65°
Bore and stroke 92x75.2 mm
Unit displacement 499.90 cm³
Total displacement 5998.80 cm³
Compression ratio 11.2: 1
Maximum power 485 kW (660 hp) at 7800 rpm
Specific power 110 hp/liter
Maximum torque 657 Nm (67 kgm) at 5500 rpm
Double camshaft distribution, four valves per cylinder
Bosch Motronic ME7 electronic injection power supply
Mono ignition, Bosch Motronic ME7 static electronics
Dry sump lubrication
Monocoque in carbon fiber and aluminum honeycomb
Independent front suspension, transverse triangles, push-rod struts, coaxial coil springs with electronically adjustable telescopic shock absorbers
Independent rear suspension, transverse triangles, push-rod struts, coaxial coil springs with electronically adjustable telescopic shock absorbers
Carbon-ceramic disc brakes
Six-speed gearbox + RM, F1 electro-hydraulic
Steering pinion and rack
Fuel tank capacity 110 liters
245/35 ZR 19 front tires
Rear tires 345/35 ZR 19
Length 4702 mm
Width 2035 mm
Height 1147 mm
Wheelbase 2650 mm
Front track 1660 mm
Rear track 1650 mm
Dry weight 1255 kg
Top speed over 350 km/h
Acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h in 3.65 s, from 0 to 400 meters in 11.00 seconds and from 0 to 1000 meters in 19.60 seconds
Simone Pietro Zazza