The Ferrari 375 America, heir to the 342 America, was born with the idea of presenting a more aesthetically refined car than the well-known 212 Inter, using the same 2.800 millimeters chassis as the contemporary 250 Europa.
The V12 mounted on this new model features a split duct head, designed by Aurelio Lampredi.
The excellence of the mechanics is combined with the elegant lines designed by Pininfarina: all this leads to the birth of a car that is aimed at the same customers as the 342 America, enjoying a certain success despite the high price.
There are only twelve units produced, and from one model to another the differences are certainly not lacking, above all because Ferrari aims to produce customized cars, directly following the needs of customers, so much so that Pininfarina will make an example even following the requests. of King Leopold of Belgium.
The 375 America model is officially presented at the 1953 Paris Motor Show: the version unveiled on this occasion has a three-light Pininfarina coupé shape, and is finished with a two-tone paint finish, aesthetically following the lines of the 212 Inter model, also made by Pininfarina in the years 1952-53, trying to make them more elegant and refined than the latter.
The car can count on the same chassis with 2800 mm wheelbase as the contemporary 250 Europa, numbered in a similar way with the sequence of odd numbers typical of road Ferraris, followed by the suffix AL, which means America Lungo.
This frame has the internal reference number 104, while that of the 250 Europa has the internal reference number 103: so far, the two chassis presented with the 375 America and the 250 Europa are the ones with the longest wheelbase ever produced by Ferrari.
The mechanical parts, with the exception of the drive unit, are identical to those of the 250 Europa model, and again following the concept of the latter, a large number of the cars are manufactured with a three- or five-light coupé body designed by Pininfarina, while three examples are made with a coupé car body produced by Vignale, which will even be able to build a unique cabriolet.
The latest prototype out of the oven becomes peculiar for its very special and certainly out of the ordinary bodywork, consisting of a Pininfarina coupe with wraparound windshield, vertical radiator grille, and pillars that run from the rear of the roof to the tail panel; this version of the 375 America will be made at the request of Gianni Agnelli, and will make its debut at the 1954 Turin Motor Show.
The engine fitted on the 375 America is a development of the long-block V12 engine designed by Lampredi. Its displacement is 4,522 cubic centimeters, the bore and stroke are 84 by 68 millimeters, while the power supply is equipped with a cylinder bank consisting of three Weber 40 DCZ or DCF double-barrel carburettors.
The equipment is completed by the double coil and the ignition distributor, with a declared power capable of reaching 300 horsepower. The drive unit is combined with a four-speed all-synchronized gearbox, which transmits motion via a shaft to the rear rigid axle, available with a wide choice of final ratios: the customer can then choose between a dry and burning acceleration or a high cruising speed easily reachable even at not excessively high engine speeds.
It is precisely the choice of the drive unit with the long engine block, combined with the project to create a spacious passenger compartment, that makes the wheelbase of the car so elongated.
In fact, Pininfarina considers it appropriate to start setting up the Ferrari models with an easily recognizable common style: from this idea another factor is born that will determine the lines of the Prancing Horse models.
For the Turin coachbuilder, all this represents the possibility of achieving a certain design uniformity, combined with the opportunity to test and simplify production methods: from these elements the extremely similar chassis and car bodies of the 250 Europa and 375 America models are born.
Despite this, the total uniformity of the line is not obtained, since among the Pininfarina standard edition coupes it is still possible to detect differences in some details, not extremely marked, but still evident.
In addition to the aforementioned treatment of the glass surfaces, variations are presented on the chrome parts of the body, such as the frame of the radiator grille which can be simple or formed by chrome rings of various sizes, while other details change according to the particular needs of customers.
The 375 Americas are built in ten units, and their chassis numbers range from 0293 AL to 0355 AL. Two 250 Europa were later equipped with the larger-displacement engine of the 375 America. Aesthetically speaking, there are no elements that allow you to distinguish the two models, and to do this you need to check the data on the frame plate or the dimensions of the carburetors installed: Weber 36 DCZ on the 250 Europa and 40 DCZ on the 375 America.
Wheelbase 2800 mm
Front track 1325 mm
Rear track 1320 mm
Weight 1150 kg when empty
Front, longitudinal, 12V 60°
Bore and stroke 84x68 mm
Unit displacement 376.84 cm³
Total displacement 4522.08 cm³
Compression ratio 8:1
Maximum power 221 kW (300 hp) at 6300 rpm
Specific power 66 hp/liter
Single shaft distribution, two valves per cylinder
Feeding three Weber 40 DCF carburettors
Mono ignition, two distributors
Independent front suspension, transverse wishbones, single transverse leaf spring, Houdaille hydraulic shock absorbers
Rear suspension with rigid bridge, longitudinal semi-elliptical leaf springs, Houdaille hydraulic shock absorbers
Four-speed gearbox + RM
Worm and sector steering
Fuel tank with 140 liter capacity
Front tires 7.10x15
Rear tires 7.10x15
Top speed 250 km/h
Simone Pietro Zazza